What are heart valves?
The replacement of the heart valves involves surgery to treat the disease in the heart due to damaging of the heart valves. Before we get into details of heart valve surgery, we must be aware of the anatomy of the heart so that we are aware of what the intricacies of the surgery or repair involve. The heart is made of 4 chambers. The upper one care called the Atria and the lower ones are called ventricles. The valves are between these chambers and help pump blood throughout the heart.
The valves play a very important role as the blood in the heart pumps only in one direction. The valves regulate this blood flow and they open and close with each heartbeat. There are four valves present in the heart. They are called Tricuspid valve, Mitral valve, pulmonary valve, and Aortic valve. Each of these valves has one job, to ensure the correct direction of blood flow. Valves are very sensitive parts of the heart and may get damaged or diseased. This can lead to heart diseases due to:
- Obstruction of flow of blood called valve stenosis or narrowing which is due to the valve not opening completely.
- When the valve does not close completely, it can lead the blood to flow backwards causing incompetence of the valves or regurgitation
Why heart valve surgery?
Most often this kind of valve disease doesn’t need treatment but if the symptoms due to valve repair gets severe, your doctor may recommend surgery. You must ensure that you choose from among the best hospital that offers valve replacement surgery in India. There are two types of surgeries that are performed:
- Valve replacement
- Valve repair
Valve replacement surgery is when you replace the damaged valves with a new one, usually the one with animal valves. A valve replacement surgery, there are many factors to be considered- the problem, the severity, symptoms and your health in general.
Symptoms to identify whether you have valve conditions:
If your heart valves are repaired, you may develop these symptoms that you need to look out for:
- Chest pain
- Difficulty in breathing
- Nausea or dizziness
- Weight gain rapidly
How long does it take to recover?
The recovery is generally very fast, and people usually come back home from the hospital within a week. You will be closely monitored initially, and it will take around 2 or 3 months for an individual to make a completely recover.
Risks involved in this type of surgery:
Some of the risks that include are:
- Clots in the blood
- Problem while breathing
- In severe cases, even death
One must talk to the doctor about pre-existing medical conditions to avoid such risks.
It is easy to return to daily chores after the surgery once the doctor gives a heads up. Exercises, working and even driving can be done in moderation. You must also incorporate a healthy lifestyle in order to avoid future complications.